Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cell Calcium. 2002 Oct;32(4):165-74.

Characterization of Ca(2+) signaling pathways in human mesenchymal stem cells.

Author information

  • 1Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, Medical Research Institute, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan.


Human mesenchymal stem cells (HMSC) have the potential to differentiate into many cell types. The physiological properties of HMSCs including their Ca(2+) signaling pathways, however, are not well understood. We investigated Ca(2+) influx and release functions in HMSCs. In Ca(2+) imaging experiments, spontaneous Ca(2+) oscillations were observed in 36 of 50 HMSCs. The Ca(2+) oscillations were completely blocked by the application of 10 micro M cyclopiazonic acid (CPA) or 1 micro M thapsigargin (TG). A brief application of 1 micro M acetylcholine (ACh) induced a transient increase of [Ca(2+)](i) but the application of caffeine (10 mM) did not induce any Ca(2+) transient. When the stores were depleted with Ca(2+)-ATPase blockers (CPA or TG) or muscarinic agonists (ACh), store-operated Ca(2+) (SOC) entry was observed. Using the patch-clamp technique, store-operated Ca(2+) currents (I(SOC)) could be recorded in cells treated with ACh or CPA, but voltage-operated Ca(2+) currents (VOCCs) were not elicited in most of the cells (17/20), but in 15% of cells examined, small dihydropyridine (DHP)-sensitive Ca(2+) currents were recorded. Using RT-PCR, mRNAs were detected for inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (InsP(3)R) type I, II, and III and DHP receptors alpha1A and alpha1H were detected, but mRNA was not detected for ryanodine receptor (RyR) or N-type Ca(2+) channels. These results suggest that in undifferentiated HMSCs, Ca(2+) release is mediated by InsP(3)Rs and Ca(2+) entry through plasma membrane is mainly mediated by the SOCs channels with a little contribution of VOCCs.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk