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J Pediatr Surg. 2002 Oct;37(10):1393-8.

Expression of surfactant proteins and thyroid transcription factor 1 in an ovine model of congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

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Maternité Hospitalo-Universitaire Necker-Enfants Malades, Paris, France.



The question of delayed lung maturation in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is pending. Data about surfactant proteins (SPs) are sparse in human fetuses and discrepant in the ovine CDH model. The purpose of this study was to investigate, in the ovine surgically created CDH model, the expression of SPs and of thyroid transcription factor 1 (TTF-1), a key regulator of lung development that also controls the expression of surfactant proteins.


Diaphragmatic hernia (DH) was created surgically in lamb fetuses on day 85 of gestation. On day 139, 5 DH and 6 control fetuses were retrieved by cesarean section. The mRNA levels for SPs and TTF-1 were determined by Northern blot analysis; SP-A and SP-B protein levels were assessed by Western blot analysis.


In DH lungs, SP-A, SP-B, and SP-C messenger RNAs were diminished by 82%, 67%, and 32%, respectively, compared with control level. SP-A and SP-B protein amounts were decreased consistently. TTF-1 expression was not altered in the surgical model.


SP's deficiency appears to be a common feature of the various CDH models. By contrast with the nitrofen model, TTF-1 expression was not altered in the surgical model indicating different underlying molecular mechanisms in both models.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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