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Obes Res. 2002 Oct;10(10):1008-15.

Effect of rosiglitazone on insulin sensitivity and body composition in type 2 diabetic patients [corrected].

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Wesley Research Institute, Brisbane, Australia.

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  • Obes Res. 2002 Nov;10(11):following table of contents..



To investigate the effects of rosiglitazone (RSG) on insulin sensitivity and regional adiposity (including intrahepatic fat) in patients with type 2 diabetes.


We examined the effect of RSG (8 mg/day, 2 divided doses) compared with placebo on insulin sensitivity and body composition in 33 type 2 diabetic patients. Measurements of insulin sensitivity (euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp), body fat (abdominal magnetic resonance imaging and DXA), and liver fat (magnetic resonance spectroscopy) were taken at baseline and repeated after 16 weeks of treatment.


There was a significant improvement in glycemic control (glycosylated hemoglobin -0.7 +/- 0.7%, p < or = 0.05) and an 86% increase in insulin sensitivity in the RSG group (glucose-disposal rate change from baseline: 17.5 +/- 14.5 micro mol glucose/min/kg free fat mass, p < 0.05), but no significant change in the placebo group compared with baseline. Total body weight and fat mass increased (p < or = 0.05) with RSG (2.1 +/- 2.0 kg and 1.4 +/- 1.6 kg, respectively) with 95% of the increase in adiposity occurring in nonabdominal regions. In the abdominal region, RSG increased subcutaneous fat area by 8% (25.0 +/- 28.7 cm(2), p = 0.02), did not alter intra-abdominal fat area, and reduced intrahepatic fat levels by 45% (-6.7 +/- 9.7%, concentration relative to water).


Our data indicate that RSG greatly improves insulin sensitivity in patients with type 2 diabetes and is associated with an increase in adiposity in subcutaneous but not visceral body regions.

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