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FASEB J. 2002 Oct;16(12):1497-503.

IL-1 beta potentiates heat-activated currents in rat sensory neurons: involvement of IL-1RI, tyrosine kinase, and protein kinase C.

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Institut fuer Physiologie und Experimentelle Pathophysiologie, Friedrich-Alexander Universitaet, 91054 Erlangen, Germany.


Interleukin 1 beta (IL-1 beta) is a proinflammatory cytokine that maintains thermal hyperalgesia and facilitates the release of calcitonin gene-related peptide from rat cutaneous nociceptors in vivo and in vitro. Brief applications of IL-1 beta to nociceptive neurons yielded a potentiation of heat-activated inward currents (Iheat) and a shift of activation threshold toward lower temperature without altering intracellular calcium levels. The IL-1 beta-induced heat sensitization was not dependent on G-protein-coupled receptors but was mediated by activation of protein kinases. The nonspecific protein kinase inhibitor staurosporine, the specific protein kinase C inhibitor bisindolylmaleimide BIM1, and the protein tyrosine kinase inhibitor genistein reduced the sensitizing effect of IL-1 beta whereas negative controls were ineffective. RT-PCR and in situ hybridization revealed IL-1RI but not RII expression in neurons rather than surrounding satellite cells in rat dorsal root ganglia. IL-1 beta acts on sensory neurons to increase their susceptibility for noxious heat via an IL-1RI/PTK/PKC-dependent mechanism.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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