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J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2002 Oct;110(4):544-52.

An update on pollen and fungal spore aerobiology.

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Harvard School of Public Health, Landmark Center, Room 404M, West, 401 Park Drive, PO Box 15677, Boston, MA 02215, USA.


Changes in climate are altering pollen distribution. Predictive modeling can be used to forecast long- and short-term changes in pollen concentrations. Increasing evidence confirms the presence of pollen allergens on small, respirable particles in the air, explaining the occurrence of pollen-season increases in asthma. Like pollens, aboveground indoor fungal aerosols primarily reflect outdoor concentrations. Basement spore concentrations might be higher and reflective of local sources. Fungal presence in the indoor or outdoor air can be monitored on an area basis or with personal monitors. The samples can be analyzed by means of microscopy, culture, DNA probes, HPLC, or immunodetection. Total fungal biomass can be estimated on the basis of measurements of ergosterol or glucan in environmental samples. Unfortunately, there are no generally accepted standards for interpretation of fungal levels in indoor or outdoor air. At present, the best approach to indoor fungal control is moisture control in the indoor environment. This will essentially prevent fungal growth, except from extraordinary events.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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