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J Biol Chem. 2002 Dec 13;277(50):48834-41. Epub 2002 Oct 4.

Flotillin-1/reggie-2 traffics to surface raft domains via a novel golgi-independent pathway. Identification of a novel membrane targeting domain and a role for palmitoylation.

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Institute for Molecular Bioscience and Centre for Functional and Applied Genomics, University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Australia.


Flotillins are lipid raft-associated proteins, which have been implicated in neuronal regeneration and insulin signaling. We now show that newly synthesized flotillin-1 reaches the plasma membrane via a Sar1-independent and brefeldin A-resistant targeting pathway. Consistent with post-translational membrane association of flotillin, protease sensitivity experiments suggest that flotillin-1 is not a transmembrane protein but is associated with the cytoplasmic face of the plasma membrane. The N terminus of flotillin contains a prohibitin-like domain (PHB), which shows homology to a number of proteins associated with raft domains including stomatin, podocin, and prohibitin. We show that the PHB domain of flotillin can efficiently target a heterologous protein, green fluorescent protein, to the plasma membrane. Another PHB-containing protein, stomatin, traffics to the plasma membrane via the conventional secretory pathway. Plasma membrane association of both full-length flotillin and the green fluorescent protein-tagged PHB domain of flotillin is dependent on palmitoylation and requires a conserved cysteine residue, Cys-34, in the PHB domain. The results identify a novel targeting mechanism for plasma membrane association of flotillin-1 involving a Golgi-independent trafficking pathway, the PHB domain, and palmitoylation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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