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J Mol Biol. 2002 Oct 11;323(1):85-98.

3D structure of the skeletal muscle dihydropyridine receptor.

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Department of Biomolecular Sciences, University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST), P.O. Box 88, Manchester, M60 1QD, UK.

Erratum in

  • J Mol Biol. 2003 Mar 14;327(1):299.


The dihydropyridine receptors (DHPR) are L-type voltage-gated calcium channels that regulate the flux of calcium ions across the cell membrane. Here we present the three-dimensional (3D) structure at approximately 27A resolution of purified skeletal muscle DHPR, as determined by electron microscopy and single particle analysis. Here both biochemical and 3D structural data indicate that DHPR is dimeric. DHPR dimers are composed of two arch-shaped monomers approximately 210A across and approximately 75A thick, that interact very tightly at each end of the arch. The roughly toroidal structure of the two monomers encloses a cylindrical space of approximately 80A diameter, which is then closed on each side by two dome-shaped protein densities reaching over from each monomer arch. The dome-shaped domains have a length of approximately 80-90A and a maximum height of approximately 45A. Small orifices punctuate their exterior surface. The 3D structure disclosed here may have important implications for the understanding of DHPR Ca(2+) channel function. We also propose a model for its in vivo interactions with the calcium release channel at the junctional sarcoplasmic recticulum.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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