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Br J Physiol Opt. 1975;30(2-4):56-80.

Derivation of the space horopter.


The horopter--the locus of those points in space that would stimulate corresponding points on the retinae of the two eyes--has been previously considered to be a plane curve lying in the horizontal plane. The two-dimensional character of this curve arises as a consequence of limiting all considerations to two dimensions only. However, by considering the retina as a two-dimensional surface in 3-space, geometric analysis reveals the horopter to be a non-planar curve: a twisted cubic curve in space. The classical horopter experiments can then be seen to be plotting self-corresponding lines rather than self-corresponding points, and these lines are found to be the chords of this cubic curve. The equations determining the horopter curve in parametric form have been found expressing each point of the curve as a function of the coordinates of the point of fixation.

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