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J Histochem Cytochem. 2002 Oct;50(10):1351-6.

Expression and localization of P-glycoprotein in human heart: effects of cardiomyopathy.

Author information

1
Institut für Pharmakologie and Peter Holtz Research Center of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Homburg/S., Germany.

Abstract

ABC-type transport proteins, such as P-glycoprotein (P-gp), modify intracellular concentrations of many substrate compounds. They serve as functional barriers against entry of xenobiotics (e.g., in the gut or the blood-brain barrier) or contribute to drug excretion. Expression of transport proteins in the heart could be an important factor modifying cardiac concentrations of drugs known to be transported by P-gp (e.g., beta-blockers, cardiac glycosides, doxorubicin). We therefore investigated the expression and localization of P-gp in human heart. Samples from 15 human hearts (left ventricle; five non-failing, five dilated cardiomyopathy, and five ischemic cardiomyopathy) were analyzed for expression of P-gp using real-time RT-PCR, immunohistochemistry, and in situ hybridization. Immunohistochemistry revealed expression of P-gp in endothelium of both arterioles and capillaries of all heart samples. Although P-gp mRNA was detected in all samples, its expression level was significantly reduced in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. We describe variable expression of P-gp in human heart and its localization in the endothelial wall. Thus, intracardiac concentrations of various compounds may be modified, depending on the individual P-gp level.

PMID:
12364568
DOI:
10.1177/002215540205001008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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