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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2002 Oct;87(10):4678-85.

Reduction of hepatic glycogen synthesis and breakdown in patients with agenesis of the dorsal pancreas.

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1
Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine III, University of Vienna, A-1090 Vienna, Austria.

Abstract

In a family with agenesis of the dorsal pancreas only the mother presents with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, whereas her sons are glucose tolerant. We examined whether metabolic defects can be detected early in this disease. Plasma glucose profiles were obtained from patients with dorsal pancreas agenesis and from matched healthy subjects. Hepatic glycogen synthesis and breakdown were determined from the time course of glycogen concentrations using noninvasive (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Gluconeogenesis was calculated from the difference between glucose production (measured with D-[6,6-(2)H(2)]glucose) and glycogen breakdown. Frequently sampled iv glucose tolerance tests were performed to assess insulin secretion and sensitivity. The mean plasma glucose level was higher (12.9 +/- 0.4 vs. 5.9 +/- 0.1 mmol/liter), whereas the peak plasma insulin level was lower (236 vs. 397 +/- 23 pmol/liter) in the diabetic mother than in her nondiabetic sons and healthy subjects. In all patients, however, glycogen synthesis and breakdown were reduced by approximately 55% (P < 0.05) and 40% (P < 0.02), respectively. Gluconeogenesis (6.8 +/- 0.8 vs. 4.2 +/- 0.3 micro mol/kg.min; P < 0.05) and hepatic insulin clearance (6.8 +/- 1.3 vs. 2.8 +/- 1.0 ml/kg.min) were increased in all patients. In conclusion, patients with complete agenesis of the dorsal pancreas exhibit marked defects in hepatic glycogen metabolism, which are present even in the nondiabetic offspring.

PMID:
12364458
DOI:
10.1210/jc.2002-020036
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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