Send to

Choose Destination
Acta Microbiol Pol. 2002;51(2):99-113.

Umbraviruses--the unique plant viruses that do not encode a capsid protein.

Author information

Plant Breeding and Acclimatization Institute, Centre Młochów, Poland.


Umbraviruses are plant viruses that are unusual in that they lack within their genomes information for a capsid protein, and thereby for aphid transmission. They are transmitted by mechanical inoculation, but may become aphid-transmissible when the plants are co-infected with suitable luteoviruses which act as the helper viruses. In mixed infection the umbravirus can be encapsidated by the capsid protein shell provided from the luteovirus helper and, as a result, gain aphid transmissibility. The associations of some umbraviruses with luteoviruses result in specific, lasting disease complexes, showing interesting biological properties. However, umbraviruses are generally not sufficiently recognized, although several of them are significant pathogens in some regions of the world, including Europe. This review describes the development of studies upon umbraviruses and characterizes the genus Umbravirus and its best recognized members.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center