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J Consult Clin Psychol. 2002 Oct;70(5):1140-9.

Using self-efficacy judgments to predict characteristics of lapses to smoking.

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Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, USA.


According to relapse prevention theory, abstinence self-efficacy judgments (ASE; confidence in ability to abstain from smoking) about particular affective and environmental contexts should predict behavior in those contexts. Low-ASE contexts should present challenges to abstinence. In this study, the authors used profile correlations to quantify the relationship between context-specific ASE ratings and the characteristics of lapse episodes. To assess the distinctiveness of this relationship, they also correlated the situations surrounding temptation and randomly selected (nontemptation) episodes with context-specific ASE. The ASE-first lapse profile correlation was significantly greater than zero and significantly greater than ASE-temptation and ASE-nontemptation correlations. This pattern of results remained when multiple lapse episodes were considered. Thus, low-ASE contexts tend to be associated with lapses to smoking.

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