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Proteomics. 2002 Sep;2(9):1229-39.

Separation of human erythrocyte membrane associated proteins with one-dimensional and two-dimensional gel electrophoresis followed by identification with matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry.

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1
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore.

Abstract

A classical proteomic analysis was used to establish a reference map of proteins associated with healthy human erythrocyte ghosts. Following osmotic lysis and differential centrifugation, ghost proteins were separated by either one-dimensional gel electrophoresis (1-DE) or two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE). Selected protein bands or spots were excised and trypsinized before mass spectrometric analyses and data mining was performed using the SWISS-PROT and NCBI nonredundant databases. A total of 102 protein spots from a 2-D gel were successfully identified. These corresponded to 59 distinct polypeptides with the remaining 43 being isoforms. As for the 1-D gel, 44 polypeptides were identified, of which 19 were also found on the 2-D gel. Most of the 19 common polypeptides were membrane cytoskeletal proteins that are often referred to as the "band" proteins. The remaining 25 polypeptides that were found exclusively on 1-D gels were proteins with high hydrophobicity (e.g., sorbitol dehydrogenase and glucose transporter) and high molecular mass (e.g., Kell blood group glycoprotein and Janus-kinase 2). A higher number of signaling proteins was also identified on 1-D gels compared to 2-D gels. These included Ras, cAMP dependent protein kinase and TGF-beta receptor type 1 precursor.

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