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N Z Med J. 2002 Aug 23;115(1160):U148.

Driveway-related motor vehicle injuries in the paediatric population: a preventable tragedy.

Author information

1
Department of Paediatric Surgery, The Starship Children s Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand.

Abstract

AIM:

To describe the incidence and demographics of children injured by slow-moving vehicles in Auckland driveways in order to develop preventative strategies.

METHODS:

We retrospectively reviewed all children less than 15 years, 76 in total, who were injured by a vehicle in a driveway within Auckland between January 1998 and October 2001. Patient demographics and risk factors were identified by clinical note review, contacting the parents, and inspecting the driveways involved.

RESULTS:

These injuries occur most commonly in children less than 4 years old (86%), usually boys (58%), who are reversed over by a relative (68%) at the home driveway (71%). There were six deaths within the study period. Head and thoracic injuries predominated and were typically associated with lower limb injuries. Maori and Pacific Island children represented 74% of all the cases. Nineteen drivers saw the child immediately prior to reversal in a presumed safe position. None of the driveways had any fencing to separate the driveway from rest of the property.

CONCLUSIONS:

A combination of targeted public health messages to increase awareness, safer driveway design and the fencing of domestic rental properties will prevent these injuries.

PMID:
12362205
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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