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J Biol Chem. 2002 Dec 6;277(49):47080-7. Epub 2002 Oct 1.

Regulation of glycoprotein Ib-IX-von Willebrand factor interaction by cAMP-dependent protein kinase-mediated phosphorylation at Ser 166 of glycoprotein Ib(beta).

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, University of Illinois, College of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA.


The platelet receptor for von Willebrand factor (VWF), glycoprotein (GP) Ib-IX, mediates initial platelet adhesion and activation. It is known that the cytoplasmic domain of GPIbbeta is phosphorylated at Ser(166) by cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA). To understand the physiological role of GPIbbeta phosphorylation, a GPIb-IX mutant replacing Ser(166) of GPIbbeta with alanine (S166A) and a deletion mutant lacking residues 166-181 of GPIbbeta (Delta165) were constructed. These mutants, expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, showed an enhanced VWF-binding function compared with wild type GPIb-IX. Treatment of CHO cells expressing wild type GPIb-IX with a PKA inhibitor, PKI, reduced Ser(166) phosphorylation and also enhanced VWF binding to GPIb-IX. Furthermore, cells expressing S166A or Delta165 mutants showed a significantly enhanced adhesion to immobilized VWF under flow conditions. Consistent with the studies in CHO cells, treatment of platelets with PKI enhanced VWF binding to platelets. In contrast, a PKA stimulator, forskolin, reduced VWF binding and VWF-induced platelet agglutination, which was reversed by PKI. Thus, PKA-mediated phosphorylation of GPIbbeta at Ser(166) negatively regulates VWF binding to GPIb-IX and is one of the mechanisms by which PKA mediates platelet inhibition.

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