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Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2002 Oct;156(10):1042-4.

Use of complementary therapy by adolescents with asthma.

Author information

1
Children's Hospital at Montefiore, 3544 Jerome Ave, Bronx, NY 10467, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

About 40% of adult Americans use complementary or alternative medicine (CAM) for health problems.

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the prevalence of reported use of CAM in a population of urban adolescents with asthma.

DESIGN/METHODS:

We used a multistaged, stratified sample approach at an inner-city high school. An asthma screening survey was administered to 3800 registered students, aged 13 to 18 years. We identified a subset of 200 respondents who answered yes to each of the following questions: (1) Does your physician think that you have asthma? (2) Do your parents think that you have asthma? (3) Do you think that you have asthma? A self-completion questionnaire was administered to a sample drawn from this cohort. Differences in proportion were tested by chi( 2) analyses.

RESULTS:

Of the 160 participants, 63% were female, 68% were Hispanic, 26% were African American, 33% had weekly symptoms, and 14% had daily symptoms. Overall, 80% of participants reported using CAM for asthma. The most commonly reported CAM included rubs (74%), herbal teas (39%), prayer (37%), massage (36%), and Jarabe 7 syrup (24%). Subjects with daily or weekly symptoms were more likely to use CAM for each episode of asthma (72% vs 51%; P =.005). The 61% of subjects who had a family member who used CAM were more likely to use CAM again (84% vs 39%; P<.001). Of the respondents, 59% reported that CAM was effective. Subjects who perceived CAM to be effective were more likely to use it again (96% vs 22%; P<.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Most adolescents with asthma in this study used CAM. The prevalence of CAM use in this study population was twice the national average for adults.

PMID:
12361452
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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