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Mol Hum Reprod. 2002 Oct;8(10):930-3.

Expression of macrophage inflammatory protein-3alpha in an endometrial epithelial cell line, HHUA, and cultured human endometrial stromal cells.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oita Medical University, Hasama-machi, Oita 879-5593, Japan.


It has been demonstrated that human endometrial epithelial cells (EEC) and stromal cells (ESC) produce a variety of chemokines in vivo and in vitro. To evaluate the expression of macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-3alpha in endometrial cells, the production of MIP-3alpha by an EEC line, HHUA, and cultured ESC stimulated with various inflammatory mediators was evaluated by ELISA. Unstimulated HHUA and ESC constitutively secreted MIP-3alpha. Tumour necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-1beta significantly stimulated the secretion of MIP-3alpha by HHUA and ESC. Lipopolysaccharide also stimulated the secretion of MIP-3alpha by ESC, but not by HHUA. These results show that the concentration of MIP-3alpha in the endometrium is modulated by these inflammatory mediators. MIP-3alpha may contribute to the normal and pathological processes of human reproduction by regulating the trafficking of immature dendritic cells and memory T lymphocytes into the endometrium.

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