Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Tuberculosis (Edinb). 2002;82(2-3):79-83.

Characterization of rpoB mutations in rifampicin-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolated in China.

Author information

1
Beijing Tuberculosis & Thoracic Tumor Institute, Tongzhou Qu, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

The objective of this study was for the elucidation of the characteristics of the rpoB gene mutation in rifampicin (RIF)-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains isolated in China. The rifampicin resistance determination regions (RRDR) of the rpoB genes of 242 M. tuberculosis strains were sequenced, including 193 RIF-resistant, 46 RIF-sensitive clinical isolates and three manually induced RIF-resistant tuberculosis strains. Mutations in the 81 bp RRDR of the rpoB gene were identified in 89.6% (173/193) of RIF-resistant clinical isolates. No mutation was observed in RIF-sensitive strains. Ser531Leu mutations accounted for 46.1% (89/193) of RIF-resistant strains; the mutation frequency of 526-His was 17.6% (34/193) in RIF-resistant strains. Furthermore, a combination of 2-3 single-point mutations was observed in 24 RIF-resistant strains (12.4%; 24/193). Mutations in three manually induced RIF-resistant tuberculosis strains were located at codons 531 and 526, respectively. The results indicate that about 90% of rifampicin-resistant M. tuberculosis strains isolated in China had rpoB mutations;531-Ser and 526-His were the most common positions substituted; high-level rifampicin-resistant strains had a higher frequency of 531-Ser mutations than low-level rifampicin-resistant strains. Sequencing analysis of the 81 bp fragment in the rpoB gene is useful in predicting the rifampicin-resistant phenotype.

PMID:
12356458
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center