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Plant Cell Physiol. 2002 Sep;43(9):1027-35.

Temporal relationship between cytosolic free Ca(2+) and membrane potential during hypotonic turgor regulation in a brackish water Charophyte Lamprothamnium succinctum.

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1
Department of Biology, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki, Japan. bio004@art.osaka-med.ac.jp

Abstract

Internodal cells of a brackish water charophyte, Lamprothamnium succinctum, regulate turgor pressure in response to changes in external osmotic pressure by modifying vacuolar concentrations of KCl. An increase in cytosolic concentration of free Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](c)) is necessary for the progress of turgor regulation induced by hypotonic treatment. Initial changes in membrane potential and [Ca(2+)](c) upon hypotonic treatment were measured to examine the temporal relationship between the two parameters. Fura-dextran (potassium salt, M(r) 10,000, anionic) that had been injected into the cytosol was used to measure [Ca(2+)](c). Membrane potential and membrane conductance under a current-clamp condition were also measured. Decrease in external osmotic pressure by 0.16 Osm induced a simultaneous increase in [Ca(2+)](c) with both depolarization of the membrane and increase in the membrane conductance. Decrease in external osmotic pressure by 0.05 Osm induced a simultaneous increase in [Ca(2+)](c) with membrane depolarization but the increase in membrane conductance started later than the other two processes. There was a close temporal relationship between the increase in [Ca(2+)](c) and membrane depolarization on the initial response of turgor regulation induced by hypotonic treatment.

PMID:
12354920
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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