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Genes Cells. 2002 Oct;7(10):1009-19.

Calcineurin is implicated in the regulation of the septation initiation network in fission yeast.

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Division of Molecular Pharmacology and Pharmacogenomics, Department of Genome Sciences, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe 650-0017, Japan.



In fission yeast, calcineurin has been implicated in cytokinesis because calcineurin-deleted cells form multiple septa and cell separation is impeded. However, this mechanism remains unclear.


We screened for mutations that confer synthetic lethality with calcineurin deletion and isolated a mutant, its 10-1/cdc7-i10, a novel allele of the cdc7+ gene involved in the septation initiation network (SIN). The mutation created a termination codon, resulting in the truncation of Cdc7 by 162 amino acids, which is not localized in the spindle pole body. Following treatment with the immune suppressive drug FK506, cdc7-i10 and the original cdc7-24 mutant cells showed highly elongated multinuclear morphology with few visible septa, closely resembling the phenotype at the restrictive temperature. Other SIN mutants, cdc11, spg1, sid2 and mob1 showed similar phenotypes following FK506 treatment. Consistent with this, expression of the constitutively active calcineurin suppressed the growth defects and septum initiation deficiency of these SIN mutants at the restrictive temperature. Moreover, electron microscopy revealed that calcineurin-deleted cells had very thick multiple septa which were partially and ectopically formed.


These results suggest that calcineurin is involved in the regulation of the SIN pathway, and is required for the proper formation and maturation of the septum in fission yeast.

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