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Crit Care Med. 2002 Sep;30(9):2083-90.

A novel animal model of sepsis after acute lung injury in sheep.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesiology, The University of Texas Medical Branch and Shriners Burns Hospital, Galveston, TX 77555, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Patients with acute lung injury after smoke inhalation often develop pneumonia subsequently complicated by sepsis. This often is a fatal complication. The aim of this study was to develop a standardized and reproducible model of hyperdynamic sepsis after smoke inhalation in sheep.

DESIGN:

Prospective, experimental study in sheep.

SETTINGS:

Experimental laboratory in a university hospital.

SUBJECTS:

Twenty-one female Merino ewes.

INTERVENTION:

Animals were anesthetized and surgically prepared for this chronic study. After a week of recovery, baseline data were collected. After tracheostomy was performed, sheep were connected to a volume-controlled ventilator. Acute lung injury was produced by insufflating the lungs with 48 breaths of cotton smoke. During halothane anesthesia, live bacteria suspended in a 30-mL saline solution containing 2-5 x 10(11) colony-forming units were instilled through a bronchoscope into the right lower and middle lung lobes (10 mL each) and left lower lung lobe (10 mL; n = 10). Eleven sheep were given smoke but not bacteria. After injury and the bacterial challenge, the animals were ventilated mechanically with 100% oxygen. The animals were monitored for 48 hrs. was detected in blood cultures after 14-48 hrs.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:

The sheep developed a hyperkinetic cardiovascular response concomitant with a decrease in Pao similar to severe sepsis in human patients who meet the criteria for acute respiratory distress syndrome (PaO2 /FIO2 <200). These changes were more severe than in animals exposed to smoke inhalation alone. Mean arterial pressures at 48 hrs in the smoke-alone and the smoke + sepsis group were 85.5 +/- 5.2 and 68.1 +/- 7.6 mm Hg, respectively (mean +/- se, p<.05).

CONCLUSION:

This animal model closely resembles hyperdynamic sepsis in humans and may be of great value for studies of sepsis with smoke inhalation.

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