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Science. 2002 Sep 27;297(5590):2247-9.

Hydrogen clusters in clathrate hydrate.

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1
Department of the Geophysical Sciences, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. wmao@uchicago.edu

Abstract

High-pressure Raman, infrared, x-ray, and neutron studies show that H2 and H2O mixtures crystallize into the sII clathrate structure with an approximate H2/H2O molar ratio of 1:2. The clathrate cages are multiply occupied, with a cluster of two H2 molecules in the small cage and four in the large cage. Substantial softening and splitting of hydrogen vibrons indicate increased intermolecular interactions. The quenched clathrate is stable up to 145 kelvin at ambient pressure. Retention of hydrogen at such high temperatures could help its condensation in planetary nebulae and may play a key role in the evolution of icy bodies.

PMID:
12351785
DOI:
10.1126/science.1075394
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