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Blood. 2002 Oct 15;100(8):2692-6.

Current molecular models for NADPH oxidase regulation by Rac GTPase.

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Departments of Immunology and Cell Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.


Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been increasingly recognized as important components of cell signaling in addition to their well-established roles in host defense. The formation of ROS in phagocytic and nonphagocytic cells involves membrane-localized and Rac guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase)-regulated reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase(s). We discuss here the current molecular models for Rac GTPase action in the control of the phagocytic leukocyte NADPH oxidase. As a mechanistically detailed example of Rac GTPase signaling, the NADPH oxidase provides a potential paradigm for signaling by Rho family GTPases in general.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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