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Forensic Sci Int. 2002 Sep 14;130 Suppl:S78-80.

Study on social responses (encouraging public awareness) to sudden infant death syndrome: evaluation of SIDS prevention campaigns.

Author information

1
Deptartment of Legal Medicine, Tokyo Women's Medical University School of Medicine, 8-1 Kawada-cho, Shinjuku, Tokyo 162-8666, Japan. tsawagu@research.twmu.ac.jp

Abstract

The sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) prevention campaign promulgated by the SIDS Family Associations was initiated and directed to medical professionals in 1996 and to mothers in 1997. In mid-1998, the Ministry of Health and Welfare began to support this campaign. In parallel with these moves and with cooperation from the study group of the Ministry of Health and Welfare and the SIDS Family Associations of Japan, a Japanese segment of the International Child Care Practices Survey (ICCPS) was conducted in two phases--from 1996 to 1997 and from 1998 to 1999--to observe the trends in risk factors for SIDS that may exist in the child rearing environment in Japan. Consequently, after the SIDS prevention campaign, the risk factors for SIDS, such as the practice of placing infants in a prone posture, smoking, and formula feeding, were reduced. Correspondingly, it was shown that the incidence of SIDS in Japan and in Kanagawa Prefecture where the survey was carried out considerably decreased (0.42-0.24 per 1000 live births). These data indicate that this prevention campaign has been effective.

PMID:
12350306
DOI:
10.1016/s0379-0738(02)00144-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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