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Anal Chem. 2002 Sep 15;74(18):4618-24.

Displacement and nonlinear chromatographic techniques in the investigation of interaction of noncompetitive inhibitors with an immobilized alpha3beta4 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor liquid chromatographic stationary phase.

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Gerontology Research Center, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21224-6825, USA.


A liquid chromatographic column containing immobilized alpha3beta4 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (alpha3beta4-nAChRs) has been used to determine the equilibrium association constants (Ka), desorption rate constants (kd), and adsorption rate constants (ka) for the noncompetitive inhibitors: mecamylamine, ketamine, bupropion, and dextromethorphan. Displacement chromatography, with mecamylamine as the displacer, was used to verify that the four compounds bound to the same site on the immobilized alpha3beta4-nAChRs. Nonlinear chromatographic techniques were then utilized to calculate the Ka, ka, and kd values associated with the formation of the noncompetitive inhibitor-alpha3beta4-nAChR complexes. The ka values determined in this study ranged from 19.7 to 10.5 microM(-1) sec(-1), with a relative order of mecamylamine > dextromethorphan > or = ketamine > bupropion. The kd values determined in this study indicated that dextromethorphan-induced inhibition should produce a longer recovery time than the other three NCIs. This was consistent with results from a previous in vitro study. The data from this study indicate that the immobilized alpha3beta4-nAChR column and nonlinear chromatography can be used in the study of NCIs at the alpha3beta4-nAChR.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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