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Contracept Technol Update. 2000 Mar;21(3):29-31.

Condom effectiveness similar for pregnancy / HIV protection.

[No authors listed]



It has been reported that more than 15,000 individuals become infected with HIV and more than 7000 people die of AIDS every day. Most of the new HIV infections globally are due to heterosexual transmission. In addition, reports reveal that women now comprise 19% of all adult AIDS patient in the US. During the meta-analysis of studies on condom efficacy in preventing HIV transmission and pregnancy among serodiscordant couples, it was observed that consistent condom use provides 87% protection for HIV transmission, comparable or slightly lower than its contraceptive efficacy rating. Condom efficacy was calculated from the HIV transmission rates for always-users and never-users. This paper implies the need for increased accessibility to condoms, as findings from the meta-analysis suggest that condoms may be about as successful in preventing HIV transmission as they are in protecting against pregnancy.

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