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Asia Pac Pop Policy. 1999 Apr;(49):1-4.

Nepal survey shows that "family planning saves lives".



This article presents the results of the Nepal Family Health Survey (NFHS) conducted from January through June 1996. Data on fertility, family planning, and maternal and child health were collected from 8429 ever-married women aged 15-49 years. These women provided information on 29,156 children. Using the method of regression analysis, findings reveal those factors, such as young mothers, large families, and short birth intervals, substantially increase under-five mortality risks. However, socioeconomic factors have only a limited effect on under-five mortality. Statistics have suggested that much of the urban/rural differences in mortality have been due to factors closely related to residence, mother's level of education and economic status. In addition, although positive effects of interventions (antenatal and postpartum checkups, tetanus immunization and assistance at delivery by a traditional birth attendant) have been documented, statistical results show that few children in Nepal are receiving the benefits of maternal health care. In conclusion, results of the 1996 NFHS show that delaying, spacing, and limiting births can substantially reduce infant and child mortality.

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