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J Biol Chem. 2002 Nov 15;277(46):43549-52. Epub 2002 Sep 23.

Neuronal leucine-rich repeat protein-3 amplifies MAPK activation by epidermal growth factor through a carboxyl-terminal region containing endocytosis motifs.

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  • 1Experimental Pathology, Chemotherapy Division, National Cancer Center Research Institute, 5-1-1 Tsukiji, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 104-0045, Japan.


Neuronal leucine-rich repeat protein-3 (NLRR-3) belongs to the LRR superfamily. Expression of rat NLRR-3 gene isolated from c-Ha-ras transgenic rat tumor is regulated mainly through the Ras-MAPK signaling pathway. NLRR-3 was found to enhance phosphorylation of MAPK when COS-7 cells were transfected with NLRR-3 and stimulated with a low concentration (0.01 ng/ml) of epidermal growth factor (EGF), but the amplification of MAPK phosphorylation by NLRR-3 was no longer observed when the carboxyl-terminal 30 amino acid stretch containing clathrin-mediated endocytosis motifs was deleted. A green fluorescent protein-tagged NLRR-3 localized at the plasma membrane was efficiently internalized in COS-7 cells, but internalization of a carboxyl-terminal-deleted version (NLRRDeltaC) was less efficient. The presence of clathrin-adaptor protein complexes containing NLRR-3 in brain lysate was confirmed by immunoprecipitation and glutathione S-transferase pull-down experiments, and affinity column chromatography revealed that the carboxyl-terminal region of NLRR-3 interacts with beta-adaptin. We propose that NLRR-3 potentiates Ras-MAPK signaling by facilitating internalization of EGF in clathrin-coated vesicles.

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