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China Popul Today. 1998 Aug;15(4):19.

More than eight million births averted in Shandong.



This short article discusses implementation of the Shandong Family Planning Regulations, in 1987, which has resulted in fewer but healthier births, and by which the public has learned to keep their reproductive behavior within the limits of the Regulations. The third baby boom since the founding of the People's Republic, in 1949, occurred during the past decade; the population of Shandong Province increased from 80.6 million, in 1987, to 87.3 million in 1997, an increase of only 7.24 million. Approximately 8.73 million births have been averted based on the 1987 fertility level, and 87.3 billion yuan have been saved based on an average of 10,000 yuan to raise a rural child to maturity. During this period, the birthrate decreased from 17.8/thousand to 13.3/thousand, and the natural increase rate declined from 11.3/thousand to 6.6/thousand. The average number of children born to each woman decreased from 5.0 in the 1950s and 1960s, to 3.2 in the 1970s, to 2.3 in the 1980s, and to below 2.0 currently. The percentage of late marriages by women rose from 39.6%, in 1987, to over 95% in 1997. Approximately 5.1 million couples decided to have only 1 child, and 117,000 rural families chose not to give birth to a second baby.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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