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Majalah Demografi Indones. 1983 Dec;10(20):ii-19-48.

Factors affecting the use and non use of contraception.



Data from the 1982 Jakarta Modular Survey were used to study the factors affecting the use and nonuse of contraception. Specific study objectives were: to present some characteristics of contraceptors and noncontraceptors; to identify the major factors affecting contraceptive use; to determine the causal structure between the factors and contraceptive use; and to understand the relationship among these factors. The data collected were organized into 4 modules: socioeconomic and migration module; contraceptive prevalence and fertility module; mortality, morbidity, nutrition, and health practice module; and contraceptive continuation module. The first 3 modules were used for collecting information from all currently married women aged 15-49 years. The last module was used for collecting information from women who used some contraceptive method through the services of a family planning clinic during the 1977-82 period. Data on 2727 women were analyzed. Users and nonusers distributed differently depending on their characteristics. The characteristics selected included age, respondent's education, husband's education, working status of the respondent, age at 1st marriage, number of living children, and experience of abortion. These variables were considered to be associated with use and nonuse of contraceptives. Compared to the nonusers, the current users were slightly older in age more educated (and had husbands who were more educated), were older when 1st married, had more living children, and had more experience in abortion. Log-linear analysis was performed on 2 groups of women. Group I included all currently married women aged 15-49 years; Group II included only "high risk" women, i.e., currently married women aged 15-34 years, not pregnant, not in menopausal stage, and have had at least 1 live birth. Contraceptive use rates were lower in Group I than in Group II. Within both groups, the users rates differed significantly according to age, age at marriage, number of living children, education, and media exposure. There were no significant differences in contraceptive use rates according to experience of abortion and working status. The analysis on the selection of a model suggests that there were 4 independent major factors affecting the use and nonuse of contraception: number of living children, frequency of exposure to mass media, level of education, and current age. There also was a relationship among the following factors: age with number of living children and with media exposure; number of living children with level of education; and education with media exposure and with age. Although the experience of abortion did not affect contraceptive use, it was strongly associated with age. Among these 4 factors, education had the strongest effects, followed consecutively by number of living children, current age, and media exposure.

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