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Clin Oral Investig. 2002 Sep;6(3):137-44. Epub 2002 Jul 25.

Fluoride uptake and distribution in enamel and dentin after application of different fluoride solutions.

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University of Regensburg Dental School, Department of Operative Dentistry and Periodontology, Franz-Josef-Strauss-Allee, Germany.


The aim of this in vitro study was to examine the fluoride accumulation in enamel and dentin after short- and long-term application of four fluoride solutions, including a casein-based fluoride preparation. Cubical enamel and dentin specimens were cut out from extracted, caries-free, human third molars. The buccal surface of each specimen was moistened for 5 min or 24 h with 10 microl of the control or one of the four test solutions Olaflur, Oleaflur, sodium fluoride, or experimental fluoride containing hydrolyzed casein. The specimens were ground in 20- microm steps and the fluoride content was determined in each enamel and dentin layer. After application of the fluoride solutions, significantly more fluoride was associated with the superficial layer up to 20 microm. The values were 3-4 times higher in enamel and 4-8 times higher in dentin after 5-min application time and 10-24 times higher than the initial fluoride content in both hard tooth tissues after 24-h application time. Focusing on the experimental solution, the fluoride levels in enamel and dentin were somewhere in the order of the values of sodium and amine fluoride solutions. However, a tendency towards higher values could be observed after application of the experimental solution.

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