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J Biol Chem. 2002 Dec 6;277(49):47276-84. Epub 2002 Sep 20.

Phosphatidylinositol 5-phosphate biosynthesis is linked to PIKfyve and is involved in osmotic response pathway in mammalian cells.

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  • 1Department of Physiology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA.


The cellular functions, regulation and enzymology of phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) 5-P, the newest addition to the family of phosphoinositides (PI), are still elusive. Whereas a kinase that uses PtdIns-5-P as an intracellular substrate has been assigned, a kinase that produces it remained to be identified. Here we report that PIKfyve, the enzyme found to synthesize PtdIns-5-P in vitro and PtdIns-3,5-P(2) in vitro and in vivo, is responsible for PtdIns-5-P production in a cellular context. Evidence is based on examination of two groups of cell types by two independent approaches. First, [(32)P]orthophosphate-labeled cells (Sf9, 3T3-L1 fibroblasts, and 3T3-L1 adipocytes) that show a high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC)-detectable peak of the PtdIns-5-P head group at basal conditions demonstrated a 20-50% increase in radioactive PtdIns-5-P amounts upon expression of PIKfyve(WT). Second, cell types (HEK293), in which the basal levels of radioactive PtdIns-5-P were undetectable by HPLC head group analysis, demonstrated higher in vitro type II PIP kinase-directed conversion of the endogenous PtdIns-5-P pool into PtdIns-4,5-P(2), when induced to express PIKfyve(WT). Conversely, a decrease by 60% in the conversion of PtdIns-5-P to PtdIns-4,5-P(2) was associated with induced expression of the dominant-negative kinase-deficient PIKfyve(K1831E) mutant in HEK293 cells. When 3T3-L1 fibroblasts and 3T3-L1 adipocytes were subjected to osmotic shock, levels of PtdIns-5-P measured by both approaches were found to decrease profoundly upon a hypo-osmotic stimulus. Together, these results identify PIKfyve as an enzyme responsible for PtdIns-5-P biosynthesis and indicate a role for PtdIns-5-P in osmotic response pathways in mammalian cells.

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