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Am J Occup Ther. 2002 Sep-Oct;56(5):538-46.

Sensory processing correlates of occupational performance in children with fragile X syndrome: preliminary findings.

Author information

1
Department of Allied Health Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27599-7120, USA. gbaranek@med.unc.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This preliminary study examined sensory processing and its relationship to occupational performance in children with fragile X syndrome (FXS) to guide research and evidence-based practice.

METHOD:

Fifteen school-aged boys with full-mutation FXS were assessed with three occupational performance measures (School Function Assessment, Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, play duration) and three sensory processing measures (Sensory Profile, Tactile Defensiveness and Discrimination Test-Revised, Sensory Approach-Avoidance Rating). Data were analyzed using partial correlation procedures.

RESULTS:

Several significant correlations were found, independent of effects of age and IQ. Avoidance of sensory experiences (internally controlled) was associated with lower levels of school participation, self-care, and play. Aversion to touch from externally controlled sources was associated with a trend toward greater independence in self-care--opposite of expectations.

CONCLUSION:

This study links sensory processing vulnerabilities with individual differences in occupational performance and supports a dynamic view of self-organizing systems. Children's uses of avoidant versus independent behaviors may reflect different self-regulatory or coping strategies that potentially mediate the relationship between sensory processing deficits and occupational behaviors and warrant further investigation.

PMID:
12269508
DOI:
10.5014/ajot.56.5.538
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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