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J Dermatolog Treat. 2001 Jun;12(2):87-90.

A comparison of the combined effect of cryotherapy and corticosteroid injections versus corticosteroids and cryotherapy alone on keloids: a controlled study.

Author information

1
National Skin Centre, National Medical Research Council, Ministry of Health, Singapore. gil@nsc.gov.sg

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Treatment modalities for keloids, which are commonly found in Asians, include intralesional corticosteroid injections and cryotherapy as well as a combination of these two modalities. Few studies have been performed in a controlled fashion to evaluate the efficacy of these treatments.

OBJECTIVE:

A controlled study, to evaluate the combined effect of intralesional corticosteroid injection with cryotherapy vs. intralesional corticosteroid or cryotherapy alone.

METHODS:

Ten patients completed the study: eight patients had at least three keloids and two had two keloids. Patients were treated for at least three sessions 4 weeks apart. The outcome of the lesions was compared between the treatments regarding the thickness of the lesion using a caliper and photographic assessment, and the presence of itch and pain before and after treatment using a visual analogue scale.

RESULTS:

In terms of thickness, the keloids responded significantly better to combined cryotherapy and triamcinolone vs. triamcinolone alone or cryotherapy alone (P < 0.001). Pain intensity was significantly lowered with all treatment modalities; however, itch was lowered only with the combined treatment and intralesional corticosteroid alone. No significant side effects were noted with any of the treatments and no re-occurrence of keloids was noted with the combined therapy.

CONCLUSION:

Combined injection of intralesional steroids with cryotherapy appears to be superior to other current modalities.

PMID:
12243664
DOI:
10.1080/095466301317085363
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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