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Int Nurs Rev. 2002 Sep;49(3):168-77.

Report cards: relevance for nursing and patient care safety.

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Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Faculty of Nursing, Nursing Effectiveness, Utilization, and Outcomes Research Unit, University of Toronto, Ontario.


The emergence of health care report cards in the North American environment is outlined. While it is evident that substantial activity has emerged, the majority of these initiatives excluded nursing, or use a broad indicator for nursing that may not provide meaningful representations of the quality of nursing care provided in the system and the relevance of this care to patient care safety. Given that nurses are the primary care provider in health care settings, this represents a significant gap in health care report cards. The pioneering work of the American Nurses Association (ANA) Nursing Report Card in the development and validation of report card indicators for nursing is discussed. Challenges related to data availability and data quality are identified. Potential opportunities for linking nursing practice outcomes to patient care quality and patient safety through a report card process are outlined.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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