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Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2002 Aug 30;194(1-2):39-50.

Nitric oxide potently inhibits the rate-limiting enzymatic step in steroidogenesis.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology, Physiology and Therapeutics, University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences, 501 North Columbia Road, 58203, Grand Forks, ND 58203, USA. james.drewett@uc.edu

Abstract

This study tested the hypothesis that nitric oxide (NO) inhibits the rate-limiting catalytic step in steroidogenesis, cytochrome P450 cholesterol side-chain cleaving enzyme (CYP11A1), independent of soluble guanylyl cyclase (GC-S) stimulation. To assess CYP11A1 activity, pregnenolone levels were quantified in murine adrenocortical Y1 cells in the presence of the 3beta-hydroxy-Delta(5)-steroid dehydrogenase inhibitor, 2alpha-cyano-17beta-hydroxy-4,4',17alpha-trimethylandrost-5-ene-3-one. The NO donor, (Z)-1-[2-(2-aminoethyl-N-(2-ammonioethyl)amino]diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolate(deta nonoate), inhibited vasoactive intestinal peptide-, forskolin- and 22alpha-hydroxycholesterol (22HC)-facilitated pregnenolonogenesis in the absence of GC-S activation and in the presence of a GC-S inhibitor, 1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ). CYP11A1 was also heterologously expressed in monkey COS7 cells. Deta nonoate inhibited 22HC-facilitated activity of the over-expressed enzyme in the absence of GC-S activation and in the presence of ODQ. The NO-independent, GC-S agonist, 1-benzyl-3-(5'-hydroxymethyl-2'-furyl)indazole did not inhibit steroidogenesis. The IC(50) for effects of free NO on CYP11A1 was potent and in the 0.4-2 microM range. These results support the hypothesis that NO inhibits the rate-limiting enzyme in steroidogenesis independent of GC-S activation.

PMID:
12242026
DOI:
10.1016/s0303-7207(02)00214-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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