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Gene. 2002 Jul 24;295(1):27-32.

Different structural organization of the encephalopsin gene in man and mouse.

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  • 1metaGen Pharmaceuticals, Oudenarderstrasse 16, 13347 Berlin, Germany.


Encephalopsin, also called Panopsin, is a recently discovered extraretinal photoreceptor, which may play a role in non-visual photic processes such as the entrainment of circadian rhythm or the regulation of pineal melatonin production. Based on RT-PCR data and comparative genomic sequence analysis, we show that the human OPN3 gene consists of six exons and expresses various splice variants, while the murine homologue contains four exons and produces just one splice form. Furthermore, the human OPN3 gene overlaps with the neighboring KMO gene on a genomic as well as on an RNA level, whereas the corresponding genes in mouse lie close together but do not overlap. This finding is of particular interest, since differences in gene organization between man and mouse, that have been reported so far, occur within gene clusters, i.e. the number of genes within a certain cluster may differ between man and mouse. OPN3 provides an exception to this rule, since it is positionally uncoupled from other genes of the opsin family.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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