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J Virol. 2002 Oct;76(20):10332-7.

Mice deficient in perforin, CD4+ T cells, or CD28-mediated signaling maintain the typical immunodominance hierarchies of CD8+ T-cell responses to influenza virus.

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Laboratory of Viral Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases/NIH, 4 Center Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892-0440, USA.


CD8 T-cell (T(CD8+)) responses elicited by viral infection demonstrate the phenomenon of immunodominance: the numbers of T(CD8+) responding to different viral peptides vary over a wide range in a reproducible manner for individuals with the same major histocompatibility complex class I alleles. To better understand immunodominance, we examined T(CD8+) responses to multiple defined viral peptides following infection of mice with influenza virus. The immunodominance hierarchy of influenza virus-specific T(CD8+) was not greatly perturbed by the absence of either perforin or T-helper cells or by interference with B7 (CD80)-mediated signaling. These findings indicate that costimulation by antigen-presenting cells (APCs) or killing of APCs by T(CD8+) plays only a minor role in establishing the immunodominance hierarchy of antiviral T(CD8+) in this system. This points to intrinsic features of the T(CD8+) repertoire as major contributors to immunodominance.

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