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Blood. 2002 Oct 1;100(7):2289-90.

Inherited predisposition to CLL is detectable as subclinical monoclonal B-lymphocyte expansion.

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1
Academic Unit of Haematology and Oncology, University of Leeds, HMDS, West Yorkshire, Surrey, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Monoclonal chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)-phenotype cells are detectable in 3.5% of otherwise healthy persons using flow cytometric analysis of CD5/CD20/CD79b expression on CD19-gated B cells. To determine whether detection of such CLL-phenotype cells is indicative of an inherited predisposition, we examined 59 healthy, first-degree relatives of patients from 21 families with CLL. CLL-phenotype cells were detected in 8 of 59 (13.5%) relatives, representing a highly significant increase in risk (P =.00002). CLL-phenotype cell levels were stable with time and had the characteristics of indolent CLL. Indolent and aggressive clinical forms were found in family members, suggesting that initiation and proliferation involves distinct factors. The detection of CLL-phenotype cells provides a surrogate marker of carrier status, potentially facilitating gene identification through mapping in families and direct analysis of isolated CLL-phenotype cells.

PMID:
12239136
DOI:
10.1182/blood-2002-03-0892
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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