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Drug Dev Ind Pharm. 2002 Aug;28(7):823-31.

In vitro release studies of flurbiprofen from different topical formulations.

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Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Idaho State University, Pocatello, ID 83209, USA.


The release profiles of flurbiprofen (F) from different gel and ointment formulations were studied in order to evaluate factors governing the release process. Carbopol 934P (CAB), poloxamer 407 (POL), and eudragit S100 (EUD) gel bases were used, while emulsion (EML) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) ointments were employed. The release studies were conducted using membraneless diffusion cells and lipophilic receptor medium, isopropyl myristate (IPM). The effects of gelling agent concentrations and the initial drug load on drug release were determined. Hydrogels were observed to give higher amounts of drug release than hydrophobic EUD gel and ointments, despite the lower bulk viscosity of these bases. Flurbiprofen release from CAB gels was 3.06-1.56-fold higher than from other formulations. Over a 4-hr period, the amount of F released was 492.8 and 316.0 micrograms/cm2 from 2% CAB and 25% POL gels, while it was 213.05, 168.61, and 160.9 micrograms/cm2 from EML, 40% EUD, and PEG bases, respectively. The diffusivity of F in the gel bases was an inverse function of the polymer concentrations over the range of 1-3% CAB, 20-30% POL, and 35-45% EUD gels. Drug release was increased from the bases as the initial F concentration increased over the range 0.25-1.0%, while the diffusion coefficient observed an inverse relationship. The CAB and POL gels could be the vehicles of choice for the rapid release and onset of F after topical application.

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