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Pediatr Med Chir. 2002 May-Jun;24(3):223-7.

[The efficacy of surgical treatment of hypospadias: analysis of hospital data from Lazio region during the three year period (1996-8)].

[Article in Italian]

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  • 1Dept. of Pediatric Surgery, S. Camillo-Forlanini Hospital, Rome.



The aim of this study is to assess effectiveness of surgical treatment for hypospadia in the Regione Lazio (Italy). Hospital discharge data concerning surgical repair of hypospadia between 1996-1998 were analysed in order to: 1. estimate the trend of demand for hypospadia treatment; 2. correlate clinical results with the type of Surgical Unit of admission (general pediatric, urological, plastic); 3. correlate surgical results with the workload of the Unit; 4. quantify the general risk of a secondary treatment.


The source of data was the Hospital Information System of the Regione Lazio. Cases have been grouped according to Health District, age at first operation, interval to re-hospitalization after the first treatment for hypospadia.


Age at first operation progressively declined in the last years. The annual risk of readmission and reoperation after the first surgical treatment, calculated on a group of 521 cases in 1996, are respectively 6.6% and 5%.


The demand for hypospadia surgery in children was, as expected, stable in the time. However, a tendency to an earlier correction has been observed, mainly in the first and second year of life. Nearly all (99%) of the surgery for hypospadia in the Regione Lazio is performed in four hospitals; one of them accounts for three quarters of the workload. During the observed period a progressive reduction of hospital stay was seen. In the hospital with the best results in term of surgical efficiency, a significant number of patients is treated on a Day Surgery basis. Institutions treating less than 50 cases per year show a significantly high rate of re-hospitalisation within 12 months.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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