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J Clin Invest. 2002 Sep;110(6):835-42.

TNF-alpha mediates chemokine and cytokine expression and renal injury in cisplatin nephrotoxicity.

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Division of Nephrology, Penn State College of Medicine, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, Pennsylvania 17033, USA.


The purpose of these studies was to examine the role of cytokines in the pathogenesis of cisplatin nephrotoxicity. Injection of mice with cisplatin (20 mg/kg) led to severe renal failure. The expression of cytokines, chemokines, and ICAM-1 in kidney was measured by ribonuclease protection assays and RT-PCR. We found significant upregulation of TNF-alpha, TGF-beta, RANTES, MIP-2, MCP-1, TCA3, IL-1beta, and ICAM-1 in kidneys from cisplatin-treated animals. In addition, serum, kidney, and urine levels of TNF-alpha measured by ELISA were increased by cisplatin. Inhibitors of TNF-alpha production (GM6001, pentoxifylline) and TNF-alpha Ab's reduced serum and kidney TNF-alpha protein levels and also blunted the cisplatin-induced increases in TNF-alpha, TGF-beta, RANTES, MIP-2, MCP-1, and IL-1beta, but not ICAM-1, mRNA. In addition, the TNF-alpha inhibitors also ameliorated cisplatin-induced renal dysfunction and reduced cisplatin-induced structural damage. Likewise, TNF-alpha-deficient mice were resistant to cisplatin nephrotoxicity. These results indicate cisplatin nephrotoxicity is characterized by activation of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines. TNF-alpha appears to play a central role in the activation of this cytokine response and also in the pathogenesis of cisplatin renal injury.

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