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Clin Cancer Res. 2002 Sep;8(9):2806-11.

A Phase I study of combined modality (90)Yttrium-CC49 intraperitoneal radioimmunotherapy for ovarian cancer.

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1
Department of Obstetrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham Cancer Center, Birmingham, Alabama 35233, USA. rdalvarez@aol.com

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility and maximum tolerated dose of (90)Yttrium-CC49 ((90)Y-CC49) as the radioimmunotherapy (RIT) component of an i.p. combined modality treatment for recurrent ovarian cancer.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:

A Phase I trial of (90)Y-CC49 RIT was conducted in ovarian cancer patients who had persistent or recurrent intra-abdominal disease, had failed one or two prior chemotherapy regimens, and demonstrated TAG-72 expression. Patients were treated with a previously established combined modality treatment protocol of s.c. IFN alpha2b, i.p. paclitaxel, and increasing dosages of i.p. (90)Y-CC49. Patients were monitored for toxicity, generation of human antimouse antibody response, and clinical efficacy.

RESULTS:

Twenty eligible patients were treated per study specifications. All patients had been treated with debulking and paclitaxel/carboplatin-based chemotherapy at initial diagnosis. The patients included 11 patients with persistent disease at the time of second look laparotomy and 9 patients with delayed recurrence. Patients were treated with i.p. (90)Y-CC49 given in combination with s.c. IFN alpha2b (dose of 3 x 10(6) units for a total of four doses) and i.p. paclitaxel (dose of 100 mg/m(2)). RIT treatment was associated with primarily hematological toxicity. The maximum tolerated dose of i.p. (90)Y-CC49 was established at 24.2 mCi/m(2) in this combined regimen. Of nine patients with measurable disease, two had partial responses lasting 2 and 4 months. Of 11 patients with nonmeasurable disease, median time to progression was 6 months in 7 patients who recurred; 4 of these patients remain no evidence of disease at 9+, 18+, 19+, and 23+ months.

CONCLUSIONS:

(90)Yttrium-CC49-based RIT in combination with IFN alpha2b and i.p. paclitaxel is feasible and well tolerated at a dose of < or =24.2 mCi/m(2).

PMID:
12231520
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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