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J Biomol Screen. 2002 Aug;7(4):341-51.

Outlier mining in high throughput screening experiments.

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Molecular Design and Chemoinformatics, Johnson and Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development, A Division of Janssen Pharmaceutica NV, Beerse, Belgium.


A data mining procedure for the rapid scoring of high-throughput screening (HTS) compounds is presented. The method is particularly useful for monitoring the quality of HTS data and tracking outliers in automated pharmaceutical or agrochemical screening, thus providing more complete and thorough structure-activity relationship (SAR) information. The method is based on the utilization of the assumed relationship between the structure of the screened compounds and the biological activity on a given screen expressed on a binary scale. By means of a data mining method, a SAR description of the data is developed that assigns probabilities of being a hit to each compound of the screen. Then, an inconsistency score expressing the degree of deviation between the adequacy of the SAR description and the actual biological activity is computed. The inconsistency score enables the identification of potential outliers that can be primed for validation experiments. The approach is particularly useful for detecting false-negative outliers and for identifying SAR-compliant hit/nonhit borderline compounds, both of which are classes of compounds that can contribute substantially to the development and understanding of robust SARs. In a first implementation of the method, one- and two-dimensional descriptors are used for encoding molecular structure information and logistic regression for calculating hits/nonhits probability scores. The approach was validated on three data sets, the first one from a publicly available screening data set and the second and third from in-house HTS screening campaigns. Because of its simplicity, robustness, and accuracy, the procedure is suitable for automation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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