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Antioxid Redox Signal. 2002 Aug;4(4):569-75.

Modulation of the thioredoxin system during inflammatory responses and its effect on heme oxygenase-1 expression.

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Pulmonary and Critical Care, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA.


Heme oxygenase (HO) enzymes catalyze the initial reaction in heme catabolism. HO-1 is an inducible isoform that is up-regulated by diverse stimuli, including inflammatory cytokines and factors that promote oxidative stress. HO-1 is a cytoprotective enzyme that degrades heme, a potent oxidant, to generate carbon monoxide, biliverdin (subsequently reduced to bilirubin), and iron. Recently, we found that thioredoxin (TRX), a disulfide reductase enzyme known to be important for the binding of transcription factors to DNA, contributes to the induction of HO-1 by inflammatory mediators. In the present study, we extended this observation and determined that, similar to HO-1, TRX and TRX reductase (TR) are induced by bacterial lipopolysaccharide in macrophages at the level of mRNA and protein. However, maximal induction of TRX and TR precedes that of HO-1. Increased expression of HO-1 in the cytoplasm of inflammatory cells corresponds to a translocation of TRX into the nucleus of these cells. Finally, transfection of TRX into macrophages promoted an increase in HO-1 protein. Taken together, these data support the concept that the TRX system contributes to the up-regulation of HO-1 under conditions associated with increased oxidative stress.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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