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J Am Coll Surg. 2002 Sep;195(3):332-8.

Lymph node disorders and prognostic value of nodal involvement in patients treated for a borderline ovarian tumor: an analysis of a series of 42 lymphadenectomies.



The aim of this study is to evaluate the rate and the clinical outcomes of lymph node involvement in patients treated for borderline ovarian tumor (BOT).


Forty-two patients were treated for BOT with a procedure that included lymphadenectomy. Twenty-four patients underwent a pelvic lymphadenectomy, 6 a paraaortic lymphadenectomy, and 12 both procedures. Thirty-two patients underwent systematic lymphadenectomy, five because of associated cancer (uterine cervix or corpus) and five because of bulky nodes discovered during the surgical procedure.


An endosalpingiosis was present in 11 (26%) patients who underwent lymphadenectomy. Eight patients had nodal involvement related to the BOT. All patients with nodal involvement had serous BOT with peritoneal implants. None of the patients with a mucinous tumor had nodal involvement. None of the patients with early-stage disease (without peritoneal disease) had nodal involvement discovered after routine lymphadenectomy. None of the patients with nodal involvement died of borderline tumor. One patient died of a complication of adjuvant therapy (leukemia after chemotherapy).


The prognosis of patients with borderline tumors of the ovary and nodal involvement is excellent. Routine lymphadenectomy should not be performed in patients with early-stage disease. This procedure should be carried out in patients with serous tumor and enlarged lymph nodes.

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