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Plant Physiol. 1995 Nov;109(3):891-898.

Ozone-Induced Ethylene Emission Accelerates the Loss of Ribulose-1,5-Bisphosphate Carboxylase/Oxygenase and Nuclear-Encoded mRNAs in Senescing Potato Leaves.

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Environmental Resources Research Institute and Department of Plant Pathology (R.E.G., E.J.P.) and Department of Horticulture (C.D.S., R.N.A.), The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802.


The relationships among O3-induced accelerated senescence, induction of ethylene, and changes in specific mRNA and protein levels were investigated in potato (Solanum tuberosum L. cv Norland) plants. When plants were exposed to 0.08 [mu]L L-1 O3 for 5 h d-1, steady-state levels of rbcS mRNA declined at least 5-fold in expanding leaves after 3 d of O3 exposure and ethylene levels increased 6- to 10-fold. The expression of OIP-1, a 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase cDNA from potato, correlated with increased production of ethylene and decreased levels of rbcS mRNA in foliage of plants treated with O3. In plants exposed to 0.30 [mu]L L-1 O3 for 4 h, rbcS transcript levels were reduced 4-fold, whereas nuclear run-on experiments revealed that rbcS transcription declined an average of 50%. The loss of rbcS mRNA may be due, in part, to posttranscriptional regulation. The levels of transcripts for other chloroplast proteins, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, and a photosystem II chlorophyll a/b-binding protein decreased in O3-treated plants, in parallel with the decrease in rbcS mRNA. The steady-state mRNA level of a cytosolic glyceral-dehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase increased in O3-treated plants. The induction of ethylene and changes in transcript levels preceded visible leaf damage and decreases in ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase protein levels.

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