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Plant Physiol. 1995 May;108(1):157-162.

Effect of Vernalization, Photoperiod, and Light Quality on the Flowering Phenotype of Arabidopsis Plants Containing the FRIGIDA Gene.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, 420 Henry Mall, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706-1569.


We have compared the flowering response to vernalization, photoperiod, and far-red (FR) light of the Columbia (Col) and Landsberg erecta (Ler) ecotypes of Arabidopsis into which the flowering-time locus FRIGIDA (FRI) has been introgressed with that of the wild types Col, Ler, and San Feliu-2 (Sf-2). In the early-flowering parental ecotypes, Col and Ler, a large decrease in flowering time in response to vernalization was observed only under short-day conditions. However, Sf-2 and the Ler and Col genotypes containing FRI showed a strong response to vernalization when grown in either long days or short days. Although vernalization reduced the responsiveness to photoperiod, plants vernalized for more than 80 d still showed a slight photoperiod response. The effect of FRI on flowering was eliminated by 30 to 40 d of vernalization; subsequently, the response to vernalization in both long days and short days was the same in Col and Ler with or without FRI. FR-light enrichment accelerated flowering in all ecotypes and introgressed lines. However, the FR-light effect was most conspicuous in the FRI-containing plants. Saturation of the vernalization effect eliminated the effect of FR light on flowering, although vernalization did not eliminate the increase of petiole length in FR light.

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