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Plant Physiol. 1995 Jan;107(1):207-213.

Characterization of a Phosphate-Accumulator Mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana.

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  • 1Division of Plant Industry, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, GPO Box 1600, Canberra Australian Capital Territory 2601, Australia.


We have characterized a novel mutation of Arabidopsis thaliana at a locus designated pho2. pho2 mutants accumulated up to 3-fold more total P in leaves, mostly as inorganic phosphate (Pi), than wild-type seedlings. In addition, we isolated a mutant (locus designated pho1-2, an allelle of pho1-1 described by Y. Poirier, S. Thoma, C. Somerville, J. Schiefelbein [1991] Plant Physiol 97: 1087-1093) with low Pi concentrations in leaves. When grown under high transpiration conditions, leaves of pho2 seedlings became severely P intoxicated, whereas shoots of pho1-2 mutants were P deficient and wild-type seedlings were normal. A pho1/pho2 double mutant resulting from a cross between the single mutants was identified in the F2 generation and shown to have a pho1 phenotype. Prior to the development of P toxicity symptoms, P was the only mineral nutrient whose concentration was greater in pho2 mutants than wild-type seedlings. Compared to wild-type, pho2 mutants had greater Pi concentrations in stems, siliques, and seeds, but roots of pho2 mutants had similar or lower Pi concentrations than either pho1 mutants or wild-type seedlings. We suggest that the pho2 mutation affects a function normally involved in regulating the concentration of Pi in shoots of Arabidopsis.

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