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J Clin Oncol. 2002 Sep 15;20(18):3772-84.

Phase I clinical trial of recombinant human endostatin administered as a short intravenous infusion repeated daily.

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  • 1Division of Adult Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115, USA.



To perform a phase I trial of recombinant human endostatin (rhEndostatin; EntreMed, Rockville, MD) given as a daily 20-minute intravenous (IV) injection in adult patients with refractory solid tumors.


The daily dose was increased from 15 to 240 mg/m(2) by a factor of 100% in cohorts of three patients. In the absence of dose-limiting toxicity, uninterrupted treatment was continued until the tumor burden increased by more than 50% from baseline. Correlative studies included dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of tumor blood flow, urinary vascular endothelial growth factor and basic fibroblast growth factor levels, rhEndostatin serum pharmacokinetics, and monitoring of circulating antibodies to rhEndostatin.


There were no notable treatment related toxicities among 15 patients receiving a total of 50 monthly cycles of rhEndostatin. One patient with a pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor had a minor response and two patients showed disease stabilization. Linearity in the pharmacokinetics of rhEndostatin was indicated by dose-proportionate increases in the area under the curve for the first dose and the peak serum concentration at steady state. Daily systemic exposure to rhEndostatin in patients receiving 240 mg/m(2)/d was approximately 50% lower than that provided by the therapeutically optimal dose in preclinical studies.


rhEndostatin administered as a 20-minute daily IV injection at doses up to 240 mg/m(2) showed no significant toxicities. Evidence of clinical benefit was observed in three patients. Due to high variability between the peak and trough serum concentrations associated with the repeated short IV infusion schedule, daily serum drug levels only briefly exceeded concentrations necessary for in vitro antiangiogenic effects.

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